Gender refers to the learned social differences between women and men. These differences change over time and have wide variations, both within and between cultures. Women and men experience transition processes differently, because of the gender roles assigned to them in their societies. Specific measures are required to ensure that the transition process change unequal gender relations. Programmes must be designed and monitored so that they do not reinforce subordinate positions of women to men in society.

Equally, the male side of the gender equation must be fully understood, which requires questioning masculine values and society’s expectations of male behaviour. Transitions may involve gender role changes and fluidity, thus providing windows of opportunities for change toward a society with improved gender equity and respect.

TI promotes the importance of inclusive and gender-responsive programming. We employ a gender-sensitive approach in all the work we undertake and provide specific services on gender-responsive programming including:


  • Training on gender-sensitive and inclusive programming;
  • Training on (S)GBV programming;
  • Training on gender-responsive DDR and SSR.

Advisory Services: 

  • Design of gender-inclusive reintegration programmes;
  • Mainstreaming of gender in broader programmes;
  • Design of Women Economic Empowerment programmes and projects;
  • Design and evaluation of (S)GBV programmes;
  • Gender responsive monitoring and budgeting, such as on UNSC resolution 1325;
  • Drafting gender strategies, policies and frameworks for national governments and international organisations;
  • Capacity development for civil society organisations and networks working on gender.

Knowledge Development: 

  • Conducting research on gender and masculinity in conflict transition processes;
  • Gender analyses for programming;
  • Impact evaluations.

The Gender and Social Inclusion Desk is coordinated by Els Rijke, Ibrahim Bangura and Irma Specht.