More than 2 billion people live in societies affected by conflict, violence, high levels of crime and corruption. For these societies, the rule of law provides a pathway to peace and transition from a situation of fragility to stability. Effective rule of law will notably:
- Reduce violence through courts and other conflict-resolution mechanisms;
- Increase security throught police and security forces that serve and protect the local population;
- Give vulnerable groups and those seeking justice access to remedies and capacity to claim their their rights;
- Protect human rights through national institutions and processes;
- Provide transitional justice for societies needing to recover from legacy of violence;
- Address sexual and gender-based violence and increase women’s participation and leadership in justice and security institutions.
Sadly, the social trust, norms and institutions enabling the rule of law are the first to suffer because of conflict. As a result, fragile societies often do not have the human or institutional capacity to provide this vital ingredient for peace and development. What is more, governing elites may resist a shift from a rule of the gun to a rule of law. The challenges are substantial. Transition International provides specialised services to assist our clients to overcome those challenges, and foster a rule of law breaking the cycle of violence and laying the foundation for sustainable development. Its approach is collaborative and emphasises local engagement to tailor interventions to the local context. TI strategically combines bottom-up approach focusing on citizens, civil society and other rights-holders, with top down approach focusing on the state on other duty bearers, thus providing as comprehensive and balanced approach as possible.
Specifically, TI provides the following services to support rule of law interventions:
- Designing, drafting and evaluating rule of law programmes and justice reform strategies;
- Capacity building programmes for legal actors;
- Formulation of policies and laws to promote human rights and the rule of law;
- Review of domestic legislation to ensure conformity with international human rights standards;
- Establishment of transitional justice mechanisms, their structure and processes.
- Customized training on human rights, international justice standards and transitional justice;
- Training for peacekeepers on legal aspects of peacekeeping, with focus on the UN Charter, human rights in conflict, the rules of engagement, sexual exploitation and abuse, and protection of civilians;
- Preparation and facilitation of workshops on human rights, justice and the rule of law.
- Needs and capacity assessments of rule of law and justice institutions;
- Stakeholder mapping and consultations with international and national stakeholders, ranging from local communities to legal practitioners and governmental actors;
- Taking stock of lessons learnt and best practice and translation of these into policy and programme recommendations.
The Rule of Law Desk is coordinated by Pall A. Davidsson.