Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR), to which repatriation is often added (DDRR), is a process aimed at stabilisation and is often a part of a broader Security Sector Reform (SSR) process. In its initial inception, DDR was exclusively focused on the ex-combatants themselves, but it has since become clear that interventions must also target host communities ensure that a political and economic create enabling environment is created for DDR to succeed and produce lasting results. Further, in today's realities, DDR & SSR efforts often take place in contexts where combatants are members of groups listed as terrorist organisations, which requires a shift in policies and practice.
Transition International provides expertise on the above with the following services:
- Design and delivery of training programmes on DDR and SSR;
- Training of police on human rights including children and women's rights;
- Training on Gender Responsive DDR and SSR;
- Training on the Prevention of Violent Extremism & Radicalisation (POVER).
- Design of DDR strategies, programme documents, policies and frameworks;
- Technical assistance to develop effective Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) reduction and management strategies and programmes Institutional capacity assessments of DDR commissions, and the design of capacity development strategies;
- Evaluations of DDR and PVE programmes;
- Evaluations of SSR and community security related programmes Design of reintegration programmes (see Reintegration and CBRS Desk).
- Applied research in drivers of recruitment and radicalization
- Profiling and community perception surveys
- Desk reviews and field studies on the DDR and the DDR-SSR nexus for policy recommendations;
- Community perception surveys on perceived insecurity and security needs/priorities;
- Pre-DDR & SSR assessments.
The DDR, SSR & POVER desk is coordinated by Irma Specht and Habib El Mrabt.