Targeted (re)integration, self-reliance, and local integration projects usually occur in parallel, which tends to create further divisions in the communities, and are often not sustainable. Most programmes are highly centralised and thereby, neither adequately respond to local contexts, nor empower local actors to plan, execute, and own the processes. In addition, localised conflicts often continue to exist within, and between, communities. It is therefore likely that ex-combatants, IDP, Refugee and other youth will be drawn into these local conflicts on account of their Conflict Carrying Capacities (CCC), the often-widespread availability of weapons. Their involvement in these local conflicts could subsequently lead to continuing cycles of conflict. Meanwhile, community members often express the urgent need to control small arms in the localities. Communities furthermore want to move away from conflict and violence and have their development needs addressed.

TI with its partners has developed a new approach named Community Based (Re)integration and Security (CBRS), which outlines manners to build bridges between the different reintegration, community security, durable solutions and resilience approaches in order to foster stability, local economic development, and the (re)integration of the different groups in their host- or receiving communities. CBRS is an approach designed to be planned for, implemented, and monitored by local actors. See Concept Note on Community Based (Re)Integration and Security (CBRS)

TI has been instrumental in ensuring that programmes world-wide have the right elements of economic empowerment, bolstering social cohesion and voice and representation. TI provides the following services to support reintegration processes:


  • High-level training on (re)integration programming;
  • Mid-level practitioners’ courses on reintegration;
  • Tailor-made in-country courses on socio-economic reintegration;
  • Design of training manuals on reintegration;
  • Training on reintegration of Children Associated with Armed Forces and Groups;
  • Training on prevention of recruitment and radicalisation;
  • Training on DDR risk analyses.


Advisory Services: 

  • Design of socio-economic (re)integration strategies and programmes;
  • Mid-term and end-of-programme evaluations of (re)integration programmes;
  • Trouble shooting and re-directing of ongoing (re)integration programmes;
  • Design of (re)integration frameworks and policies.


Knowledge Development: 

  • Reintegration profiling surveys;
  • Community perception surveys;
  • Economic opportunity mapping;
  • Mapping of social and economic services for (re)integration;
  • Stakeholder mapping;
  • Taking stock of lessons learnt and good practice.


The Reintegration and CBRS Desk is coordinated by Irma Specht.