Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR), to which repatriation is often added (DDRR), is a process aimed at stabilisation and is often a part of a broader Security Sector Reform (SSR) process. In its initial inception, DDR was exclusively focused on the ex-combatants themselves, but it has since become clear that interventions must also target host communities to ensure that an enabling environment, politically and economically, is created for DDR to succeed and produce lasting results. Further, in today's realities, DDR & SSR efforts often take place in contexts where combatants are members of groups listed as terrorist organisations, which requires a shift in policies and practice.

Transition International provides expertise on the above with the following services:


  • Design and delivery of training programmes on DDR and SSR;
  • Training of police on human rights including children and women's rights;
  • Training on Gender Responsive DDR and SSR;
  • Training on the Prevention of Violent Extremism & Radicalisation (POVER).


Advisory Services:

  • Design of DDR strategies, programme documents, policies and frameworks;
  • Technical assistance to develop effective Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) reduction and management strategies and programmes Institutional capacity assessments of DDR commissions, and the design of capacity development strategies;
  • Evaluations of DDR and PVE programmes;
  • Evaluations of SSR and community security related programmes Design of reintegration programmes (see Reintegration and CBRS Desk).


Knowledge Development:

  • Applied research in drivers of recruitment and radicalization
  • Profiling and community perception surveys
  • Desk reviews and field studies on the DDR and the DDR-SSR nexus for policy recommendations;
  • Community perception surveys on perceived insecurity and security needs/priorities;
  • Pre-DDR & SSR assessments.


The DDR, SSR & POVER desk is coordinated by Khaled Ibrahim.